Everyone know the old adage ‘The only things certain in life are death and taxes”. As it turns out, inflation may have to be included in this saying. Inflation decreases the value of money as time goes on, ultimately making the dollar of today worth more than the dollar of the future. It influences how much we spend on everyday items, how much we make, and how much things like houses and cars cost. It even helps dictate what we owe the government come April 15th. In fact, in regards to tax season, inflation can actually help us save a few bucks.
In the past few years, the rate of inflation has been consistently inconsistent: it has fluctuated among the one, two, or three percentiles (with a few months that presented negative numbers). While inflation isn’t always all that noticeable on a month-to-month basis, its impact is truly felt over a period of several years. For example, according to the Bureau of Labor and Statistics, a $250,000 house purchased in 2008 would be worth approximately $270,000 in present day (if inflation is the only variable taken into consideration).
Each year, annual inflation leads to a number of tax changes. In 2014, per the Internal Revenue Service, more than 40 tax provisions are scheduled to be adjusted. Some of these adjustments include:
Despite the rate of inflation, some tax provisions remain unchanged. For example, the 2014 annual exclusion for gifts is $14,000 (the same as it was in 2013). Healthcare flexible spending arrangements (FSA) also stay at their 2013 level: the annual dollar limit on employer contributions to employer sponsored health FSAs remains at $2,500.